Adjective, Kata Sifat dalam Bahasa Inggris | Pengertian, Cara Penggunaan dan Contohnya

Pernah belajar kata sifat? Adjective atau kata sifat dalam bahasa Inggris tidak berbeda dengan kata sifat yang mungkin pernah kita pelajari dalam pelajaran bahasa Indonesia.

Pengertian Adjective

Adjective adalah kata sifat, adalah kata yang digunakan untuk memberikan sifat pada suatu benda atau suatu hal.

Cara Penggunaan Adjective

Ada 2 (dua) macam cara penggunaan kata sifat / adjective dalam bahasa Inggris yaitu attribute adjective dan predicate adjective.

Attribute Adjective (Kata Sifat Pelengkap)

Adalah kata sifat yang digunakan untuk menerangkan kata benda secara langsung.

Contohnya :

Beautiful girl = gadis cantik
Big house = rumah besar

Predicate Adjective (Kata Sifat Predikat)

Adalah kata sifat yang digunakan untuk menerangkan kata benda (noun) secara tidak langsung.

Contohnya :

I am happy = aku bahagia
She is lazy = dia malas

Dalam pelajaran tata bahasa Inggris, adjective atau kata sifat ini dikategorikan menjadi bermacam-macam kelompok, yaitu:

  • Descriptive Adjective (Kata Sifat Deskriptif)
  • Numeral Adjective (Kata Sifat Bilangan)
  • Quantitative Adjective (Kata Sifat Kuantitatif)
  • Demonstrative Adjective (Kata Sifat Penunjuk)
  • Proper Adjective (Kata Sifat Nama Diri)
  • Interrogative Adjective (Kata Sifat Penanya)
  • Possesive Adjective (Kata Sifat Kepunyaan / Kepemilikan)
  • Distributive Adjective (Kata Sifat Distributif)

Selanjutnya klasifikasi dari beberapa kata sifat tersebut diatas akan dibahas lebih lanjut satu-persatu. Masih Penasaran belajar bahasa Inggris ? Mari kita lanjutkan.

DESCRIPTIVE ADJECTIVE

Kata sifat diskriptif atau descriptive adjective adalah kata-kata yang menggambarkan keadaan atau sifat seseorang, hewan atau benda yang meliputi ukuran, takaran, berat, bau, rasa, warna dan sebagainya.

Contoh :

big = besar

kind = baik hati

thin = kurus

fat = gemuk

pretty = cantik

bad = jelek

near = dekat

far = jauh

interesting = menarik

brave = berani

sick = sakit

tame = jinak

wild = liar

stupid = bodoh

clever = pandai

tall = tinggi

lazy = malas

high = tinggi

diligent = rajin

big = besar

small = kecil

sad = sedih

happy = gembira

artful = licik

good = baik

short = pendek

dry = kering

wet = basah

cheerful = riang

doubtful = ragu-ragu

eventful = penuh kejadian

graceful = anggun

hopeful = penuh harapan

succesful = yang berhasil

Contoh penggunaannya dalam kalimat adalah :

The elephant is bis (Gajah itu besar)
She is a clever student (Dia adalah siswa yang cerdas)
I am hungry (saya lapar)

NUMERAL ADJECTIVE

Numeral adjective (kata sifat bilangan) adalah kata sifat yang menerangkan bilangan atau menunjukkan banyaknya suatu benda secara pasti.

Dalam Bahasa Inggris “Numeral Adjective” terbagi atas 3 (tiga) golongan, yaitu :

  • Cardinal Number (Bilangan Biasa)
  • Ordinal Number (Bilangan Bertingkat)
  • Fraction (Bilangan Pecahan)

Cardinal Number (Bilangan Biasa)

Bilangan yang termasuk dalam kelompok Cardinal Number adalah bilangan cacah, yaitu bilangan mulai dari angka nol sampai tak terhingga.

Ordinal Number (Bilangan Bertingkat)

Ordinal Number atau bilangan bertingkat menunjukkan seberapa sering bilangan itu disebutkan atau ditingkatkan dari benda yang dimaksud.

Daftar Adjective (Kata Sifat) A sampai Z

#A

aback

abaft

abandoned

abashed

aberrant

abhorrent

abiding

abject

ablaze

able

abnormal

aboard

aboriginal

abortive

abounding

abrasive

abrupt

absent

absorbed

absorbing

abstracted

absurd

abundant

abusive

acceptable

accessible

accidental

accurate

acid

acidic

acoustic

acrid

actually

ad hoc

adamant

adaptable

addicted

adhesive

adjoining

adorable

adventurous

afraid

aggressive

agonizing

agreeable

ahead

ajar

alcoholic

alert

alike

alive

alleged

alluring

aloof

amazing

ambiguous

ambitious

amuck

amused

amusing

ancient

angry

animated

annoyed

annoying

anxious

apathetic

aquatic

aromatic

arrogant

ashamed

aspiring

assorted

astonishing

attractive

auspicious

automatic

available

average

awake

aware

awesome

awful

axiomatic

#B

bad

barbarous

bashful

bawdy

beautiful

befitting

belligerent

beneficial

bent

berserk

best

better

bewildered

big

billowy

bite-sized

bitter

bizarre

black

black-and-white

bloody

blue

blue-eyed

blushing

boiling

boorish

bored

boring

bouncy

boundless

brainy

brash

brave

brawny

breakable

breezy

brief

bright

bright

broad

broken

brown

bumpy

burly

bustling

busy

#C

cagey

calculating

callous

calm

capable

capricious

careful

careless

caring

cautious

ceaseless

certain

changeable

charming

cheap

cheerful

chemical

chief

childlike

chilly

chivalrous

chubby

chunky

clammy

classy

clean

clear

clever

cloistered

cloudy

closed

clumsy

cluttered

coherent

cold

colorful

colossal

combative

comfortable

common

complete

complex

concerned

condemned

confused

conscious

cooing

cool

cooperative

coordinated

courageous

cowardly

crabby

craven

crazy

creepy

crooked

crowded

cruel

cuddly

cultured

cumbersome

curious

curly

curved

curvy

cut

cute

cute

cynical

#D

daffy

daily

damaged

damaging

damp

dangerous

dapper

dark

dashing

dazzling

dead

deadpan

deafening

dear

debonair

decisive

decorous

deep

deeply

defeated

defective

defiant

delicate

delicious

delightful

demonic

delirious

dependent

depressed

deranged

descriptive

deserted

detailed

determined

devilish

didactic

different

difficult

diligent

direful

dirty

disagreeable

disastrous

discreet

disgusted

disgusting

disillusioned

dispensable

distinct

disturbed

divergent

dizzy

domineering

doubtful

drab

draconian

dramatic

dreary

drunk

dry

dull

dusty

dusty

dynamic

dysfunctional

#E

eager

early

earsplitting

earthy

easy

eatable

economic

educated

efficacious

efficient

eight

elastic

elated

elderly

electric

elegant

elfin

elite

embarrassed

eminent

empty

enchanted

enchanting

encouraging

endurable

energetic

enormous

entertaining

enthusiastic

envious

equable

equal

erect

erratic

ethereal

evanescent

evasive

even

excellent

excited

exciting

exclusive

exotic

expensive

extra-large

extra-small

exuberant

exultant

#F

fabulous

faded

faint

fair

faithful

fallacious

false

familiar

famous

fanatical

fancy

fantastic

far

far-flung

fascinated

fast

fat

faulty

fearful

fearless

feeble

feigned

female

fertile

festive

few

fierce

filthy

fine

finicky

first

five

fixed

flagrant

flaky

flashy

flat

flawless

flimsy

flippant

flowery

fluffy

fluttering

foamy

foolish

foregoing

forgetful

fortunate

four

frail

fragile

frantic

free

freezing

frequent

fresh

fretful

friendly

frightened

frightening

full

fumbling

functional

funny

furry

furtive

future

futuristic

fuzzy

#G

gabby

gainful

gamy

gaping

garrulous

gaudy

general

gentle

giant

giddy

gifted

gigantic

glamorous

gleaming

glib

glistening

glorious

glossy

godly

good

goofy

gorgeous

graceful

grandiose

grateful

gratis

gray

greasy

great

greedy

green

grey

grieving

groovy

grotesque

grouchy

grubby

gruesome

grumpy

guarded

guiltless

gullible

gusty

guttural

#H

habitual

half

hallowed

halting

handsome

handsomely

handy

hanging

hapless

happy

hard

hard-to-find

harmonious

harsh

hateful

heady

healthy

heartbreaking

heavenly

heavy

hellish

helpful

helpless

hesitant

hideous

high

highfalutin

high-pitched

hilarious

hissing

historical

holistic

hollow

homeless

homely

honorable

horrible

hospitable

hot

huge

hulking

humdrum

humorous

hungry

hurried

hurt

hushed

husky

hypnotic

hysterical

#I

icky

icy

idiotic

ignorant

ill

illegal

ill-fated

ill-informed

illustrious

imaginary

immense

imminent

impartial

imperfect

impolite

important

imported

impossible

incandescent

incompetent

inconclusive

industrious

incredible

inexpensive

infamous

innate

innocent

inquisitive

insidious

instinctive

intelligent

interesting

internal

invincible

irate

irritating

itchy

#J

jaded

jagged

jazzy

jealous

jittery

jobless

jolly

joyous

judicious

juicy

jumbled

jumpy

juvenile

#K

kaput

keen

kind

kindhearted

kindly

knotty

knowing

knowledgeable

known

#L

labored

lackadaisical

lacking

lame

lamentable

languid

large

last

late

laughable

lavish

lazy

lean

learned

left

legal

lethal

level

lewd

light

like

likeable

limping

literate

little

lively

lively

living

lonely

long

longing

long-term

loose

lopsided

loud

loutish

lovely

loving

low

lowly

lucky

ludicrous

lumpy

lush

luxuriant

lying

lyrical

#M

macabre

macho

maddening

madly

magenta

magical

magnificent

majestic

makeshift

male

malicious

mammoth

maniacal

many

marked

massive

married

marvelous

material

materialistic

mature

mean

measly

meaty

medical

meek

mellow

melodic

melted

merciful

mere

messy

mighty

military

milky

mindless

miniature

minor

miscreant

misty

mixed

moaning

modern

moldy

momentous

motionless

mountainous

muddled

mundane

murky

mushy

mute

mysterious

#N

naive

nappy

narrow

nasty

natural

naughty

nauseating

near

neat

nebulous

necessary

needless

needy

neighborly

nervous

new

next

nice

nifty

nimble

nine

nippy

noiseless

noisy

nonchalant

nondescript

nonstop

normal

nostalgic

nosy

noxious

null

numberless

numerous

nutritious

nutty

#O

oafish

obedient

obeisant

obese

obnoxious

obscene

obsequious

observant

obsolete

obtainable

oceanic

odd

offbeat

old

old-fashioned

omniscient

one

onerous

open

opposite

optimal

orange

ordinary

organic

ossified

outgoing

outrageous

outstanding

oval

overconfident

overjoyed

overrated

overt

overwrought

#P

painful

painstaking

pale

paltry

panicky

panoramic

parallel

parched

parsimonious

past

pastoral

pathetic

peaceful

penitent

perfect

periodic

permissible

perpetual

petite

petite

phobic

physical

picayune

pink

piquant

placid

plain

plant

plastic

plausible

pleasant

plucky

pointless

poised

polite

political

poor

possessive

possible

powerful

precious

premium

present

pretty

previous

pricey

prickly

private

probable

productive

profuse

protective

proud

psychedelic

psychotic

public

puffy

pumped

puny

purple

purring

pushy

puzzled

puzzling

#Q

quack

quaint

quarrelsome

questionable

quick

quickest

quiet

quirky

quixotic

quizzical

#R

rabid

racial

ragged

rainy

rambunctious

rampant

rapid

rare

raspy

ratty

ready

real

rebel

receptive

recondite

red

redundant

reflective

regular

relieved

remarkable

reminiscent

repulsive

resolute

resonant

responsible

rhetorical

rich

right

righteous

rightful

rigid

ripe

ritzy

roasted

robust

romantic

roomy

rotten

rough

round

royal

ruddy

rude

rural

rustic

ruthless

#S

sable

sad

safe

salty

same

sassy

satisfying

savory

scandalous

scarce

scared

scary

scattered

scientific

scintillating

scrawny

screeching

second

second-hand

secret

secretive

sedate

seemly

selective

selfish

separate

serious

shaggy

shaky

shallow

sharp

shiny

shivering

shocking

short

shrill

shut

shy

sick

silent

silent

silky

silly

simple

simplistic

sincere

six

skillful

skinny

sleepy

slim

slimy

slippery

sloppy

slow

small

smart

smelly

smiling

smoggy

smooth

sneaky

snobbish

snotty

soft

soggy

solid

somber

sophisticated

sordid

sore

sore

sour

sparkling

special

spectacular

spicy

spiffy

spiky

spiritual

spiteful

splendid

spooky

spotless

spotted

spotty

spurious

squalid

square

squealing

squeamish

staking

stale

standing

statuesque

steadfast

steady

steep

stereotyped

sticky

stiff

stimulating

stingy

stormy

straight

strange

striped

strong

stupendous

stupid

sturdy

subdued

subsequent

substantial

successful

succinct

sudden

sulky

super

superb

superficial

supreme

swanky

sweet

sweltering

swift

symptomatic

synonymous

#T

taboo

tacit

tacky

talented

tall

tame

tan

tangible

tangy

tart

tasteful

tasteless

tasty

tawdry

tearful

tedious

teeny

teeny-tiny

telling

temporary

ten

tender

tense

tense

tenuous

terrible

terrific

tested

testy

thankful

therapeutic

thick

thin

thinkable

third

thirsty

thirsty

thoughtful

thoughtless

threatening

three

thundering

tidy

tight

tightfisted

tiny

tired

tiresome

toothsome

torpid

tough

towering

tranquil

trashy

tremendous

tricky

trite

troubled

truculent

true

truthful

two

typical

#U

ubiquitous

ugliest

ugly

ultra

unable

unaccountable

unadvised

unarmed

unbecoming

unbiased

uncovered

understood

undesirable

unequal

unequaled

uneven

unhealthy

uninterested

unique

unkempt

unknown

unnatural

unruly

unsightly

unsuitable

untidy

unused

unusual

unwieldy

unwritten

upbeat

uppity

upset

uptight

used

useful

useless

utopian

utter

uttermost

#V

vacuous

vagabond

vague

valuable

various

vast

vengeful

venomous

verdant

versed

victorious

vigorous

violent

violet

vivacious

voiceless

volatile

voracious

vulgar

#W

wacky

waggish

waiting

wakeful

wandering

wanting

warlike

warm

wary

wasteful

watery

weak

wealthy

weary

well-groomed

well-made

well-off

well-to-do

wet

whimsical

whispering

white

whole

wholesale

wicked

wide

wide-eyed

wiggly

wild

willing

windy

wiry

wise

wistful

witty

woebegone

womanly

wonderful

wooden

woozy

workable

worried

worthless

wrathful

wretched

wrong

wry

#X and Y

xenophobic

yellow

yielding

young

youthful

yummy

#Z

zany

zealous

zesty

zippy

zonked

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